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An anxiety disorder is a mental condition where you may feel fear in certain events or circumstances. In addition, you could suffer the physical symptoms of anxiety, like heavy perspiration, increased heart rate, and high blood pressure.
Let's discuss the types, causes, systems and treatments, and medications of Anxiety Disorders.

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Types Of Anxiety Disorders?

There are four main types of anxiety disorders, including:

  • Panic disorder
  • Agoraphobia
  • Phobias
  • Separation anxiety

Panic Disorder

Panic disorder induces abrupt and intense panic attacks in anxiety sufferers. This disorder has more intense effects than the other types of anxiety disorders.

What Happens During a Panic Attack?

Patients might feel the following things during a panic attack:

  • Sensation of choking
  • The feeling of a heart attack
  • Heart palpitations.
  • Perspiration.
  • Chest pain.

Phobias

Phobias are intense fears based on specific things or events. Some of these fears are rational, while some might be irrational. However, the fear triggers a quiet and intense response in both cases.

Agoraphobia

Agoraphobia is an intense fear that induces a feeling of helplessness. These patients normally prefer virtual doctor consultations online since their condition prevents them from visiting a doctor in person. Usually, agoraphobia manifests itself as fear in either of the following environments:

  • Confined spaces
  • Large crowds
  • outside the home
  • Public or cramped transportation

Separation Anxiety Disorder

This condition is commonly seen in children, and in some cases, teens. People that suffer from separation anxiety feel restless or uneasy when separated from their parents. These children may suffer from fear of their parents abandoning them or hurting them some other way.
Separation anxiety disorder occurs mostly in preschoolers. However, teens and adults going through stress can experience it as well.

Causes of Anxiety Disorders

  • Stress: long periods of severe stress can cause mood swings, feelings of anxiousness, etc.
  • Other factors: suffering a traumatic event, such as emotional or physical trauma.
  • Heredity: an individual can suffer from an anxiety disorder if they have a family history of it.

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Symptoms Of Anxiety Disorders

Depending on the type, symptoms can vary for anxiety disorders, including physical, mental, and behavioral. Typical symptoms include:

Physical:

  • Numbness in the body
  • Muscle tension
  • Heart palpitations
  • Nausea
  • Shortness of breath
  • Cold or sweaty hands
  • Dry mouth

Mental:

  • Panic
  • Fear
  • Uneasiness
  • Nightmares
  • Remembering and reliving the trauma
  • Overwhelming and compulsive thinking

Behavioral:

  • Fidgeting and pacing
  • Inability to stay calm
  • Sleeping troubles

Treatment for Anxiety Disorders

An anxiety disorder requires constant and comprehensive treatment like most mental health conditions. Its needs therapy and medication to improve the patient's symptoms. In recent decades, significant progress has been made in the treatment and medication to help those who suffer from such conditions as depression and Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD).
Your treatment may even include a combination of exercises, psychotherapy, and medication, to achieve the best results.

Medications For Anxiety Disorders

Medications can only improve anxiety symptoms and not cure them. The prescribed medication can help you manage your symptoms to improve your quality of life and improve mental health. These medications include:

  • Anti-anxiety medications like benzodiazepines may reduce the feeling of anxiety, fear, worry, and panic. They work almost immediately, but your body may build a tolerance to it over time.
  • Antidepressants—help with anxiety disorders. They manage your neurochemicals to decrease your stress levels and maintain your mood. Antidepressants are also used as Anti-anxiety medications. In fact, you can use Anti-anxiety medications after tapering off of Antidepressants for a more efficient treatment plan.
  • Beta-blockers— help with physical symptoms like elevated heart rate, shivering, and shaking.

You can make an appointment online to visit a doctor to consult in treatment and management of your anxiety disorders or depression. At TelMDCare, our doctors can help develop a treatment plan and prescribe anxiety disorders and depression medications.

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