Consult an Online Doctor For High Cholestrol

High cholesterol levels increase the risk of other medical conditions. This is due to the constriction in blood vessels due to accumulated plaque. Other diseases connected to high cholesterol include high blood pressure, type 2 diabetes, coronary heart disease, stroke, and peripheral arterial disease.

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Causes Of High Cholesterol

High cholesterol occurs due to the following reasons.

  • Type 2 diabetes
  • Menopause
  • Thyroid issues
  • Kidney problems
  • A high-sugar diet
  • Stationary lifestyle
  • Liver problems
  • Alcohol
  • Pregnancy
  • Stress
  • Unfiltered coffee
  • Side effects from unrelated medications

While cholesterol is necessary to build healthy cells, excessive levels of cholesterol begin accumulating in arteries. Since Cholesterol is a waxy substance, it can form plaques in blood vessels, constricting the flow of blood.
These plaques can lead to chest pain, prevent blood flow to the heart, and cause a heart attack or even a stroke.
The cholesterol that builds up in the blood vessels is LDL or low-density lipoprotein. However, HDL, or high-density lipoprotein is beneficial for the body, and even helps clear LDL cholesterol from the blood and delivers it to the liver.

Diseases Caused By High Cholesterol

Other medical conditions may also increase the chance of elevated cholesterol levels. Depending on these conditions, it may cause your blood vessels to become blocked. These medical conditions include:

Causes Of High Cholesterol In Children

There are three factors that lead to high Cholesterol levels in children:

  • Obesity
  • Diet
  • Family History

Genes and family history increase the chances of higher cholesterol levels in children and teens.

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Treatment

A simple blood test can check if a child has high cholesterol levels. This test should be conducted only on children with a family history of high cholesterol or coronary diseases.
The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends:

  • Medical treatment for elevated LDL higher than 190 mg/dL, if changes of diet have had no effect and children who aren’t at risk of cardiovascular disease.
  • Medical treatment for elevated LDL higher than 160 mg/dL, where the family history indicates cardiovascular disease or other conditions such as hypertension, smoking, obesity.
  • Medical treatment for elevated LDL higher than 190 mg/dL 130 mg/dL for diabetic patients.

Management Of High Cholesterol In Children

People can manage high cholesterol levels by consuming  foods low in saturated fat and trans fat.  Reduced-fat milk is recommended for children between the ages of 12 months and 2 years.
Avoid the following foods:

  • High trans fats foods
  • Saturated fats
  • Tobacco
  • Sugar
  • Whole milk and 2% milk
  • Fried foods

Certain lifestyle changes can also reduce cholesterol levels and lower the risk of other medical conditions.

  • Regular exercise
  • Healthy weight
  • Substituting unsaturated fat for saturated fat.

However, if a balanced diet and exercise don’t lower cholesterol levels, then prescribed medications can help improve the condition.
Include low-fat dairy products in your diet. For children 12 months to two years of age who are obese, or who have a family history of obesity, high cholesterol, or cardiovascular disease, the use of reduced-fat milk is recommended.

Medication

For children, medication such as Colestipol, Colesevelam, and Cholestyramine may be prescribed to lower high cholesterol levels. Online doctor might recommend testing children’s cholesterol levels every 3 months to maintain or change the dietary plan or adjust their medications.
If you have high levels of cholesterol, you can get prescribed medications from an online consultation with a virtual doctor at TelMDCare. They may also prescribe exercise to lose weight. But if such lifestyle choices prove to be ineffective, your doctor may prescribe certain medications for high cholesterol.

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