See an Online Doctor For Hypertension Treatments

Nearly 65 million of the adult population of the US suffers from hypertension or high blood pressure. Not only is the condition life-threatening, but also 1 in 3 people might be unaware of the condition. These statistics make it the ‘silent killer.’

A type of hypertension is essential hypertension, where the exact cause is unknown. A staggering 95% of the US hypertension cases reported are for essential hypertension.

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What Is Hypertension?

Normally, a certain pressure allows the blood to circulate throughout the body. But in hypertension, the pressure exerted on the arterial walls is too high, leading to serious medical problems. 

Risks of Hypertension 

Hypertension medically refers to the excessive and consistent force exerted on the arterial walls, weakening them over time. Typically, the risks of hypertension include:

  • Stroke – aneurysm build up in the blood vessels. 
  • Heart failure – enlarged heart which raises the risk of heart failure. 
  • Heart attack
  • Renal failure – weakening the blood vessels in the kidneys, leading to kidney failure. 
  • Vision impairment – damage caused to the delicate blood vessels in the eyes can lead to vision problems and partial blindness.

The elevated pressure can also affect blood vessels in the head, causing damage to the brain.

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Causes of Hypertension

Several factors may cause hypertension and the causes may vary from person to person. The causes may include:

  • Unhealthy diet
  • Heavy salt intake 
  • Insufficient potassium intake
  • Alcohol
  • Stress
  • A stationary lifestyle
  • Diabetes
  • Obesity
  • Chronic kidney disease
  • Adrenal disorders
  • Thyroid disorders
  • Sleep apnea
  • Smoking
  • Old age
  • Inherited genetically from family history
  • Side effects of unrelated medications

Hypertension can also occur due to other diseases as a secondary symptom, called secondary hypertension.

Symptoms of Hypertension 

Hypertension overworks the heart beyond its limits. Without treatment it can cause:

  • Chest pain
  • Shortness of breath
  • Vision problems
  • Headache
  • Weakness
  • Fatigue

Who’s At Risk of Hypertension?

Fortunately, hypertension can be managed to live a normal life. But the first step is to regularly check blood pressure to maintain a healthy lifestyle. Some people have a higher risk of developing hypertension.

  • African Americans
  • Older than 55
  • Diabetics
  • Overweight
  • Genetics
  • People who have an inactive lifestyle
  • Heavy consumers of alcohol
  • Smokers
  • Illicit drug users
  • Patient on NSAID medications like aspirin and ibuprofen
  • Patient on decongestants

How to Prevent Hypertension? 

The chances of hypertension can be lowered with a healthy lifestyle and better dietary choices. These lifestyles choices include: 

  • A healthy diet which in this case refers to the DASH plan – Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension
  • Regular exercise
  • Staying physically active during the day
  • Lose weight if you’re obese
  • Quit smoking
  • Quit drinking alcohol

 

Taking these measures help reduce the likelihood of heart diseases as well.

Foods to Avoid

  • High salt foods and other heavy sodium intake
  • Saturated fat foods
  • Trans fat foods

Introduce items high in fiber, magnesium, calcium, and potassium in your diet.

You can find and make an appointment online for a virtual doctor for a hypertension consultation for treatment. Our online doctors at TelMDCare can suggest a treatment plan to manage your hypertension, as well as educate you about a healthy lifestyle and medications they may prescribe. 

Treatment and Medication 

A wide variety of medications are available for hypertension. Your doctor may prescribe medications that may include:

  • Diuretics (water pills)
  • Beta-blockers
  • Calcium channel blockers
  • Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors 
  • Angiotensin ii receptor blockers (ARB)

You may be at risk of heart failure due to hypertension. Visit a doctor or get a virtual consult for hypertension online. They may prescribe or adjust your treatment for the particular medications you may need. They can also assist you with regular medication refills.

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