Consult an Online Doctor For Migraine

Migraines are throbbing headaches with the feeling of intense pressure on the brain. The pulsing sensation is commonly felt mostly on one side of the head. People who get migraines also experience nausea and sensory overload, in this case extreme light and sound sensitivity. These headaches last for hours,andin some instances, days.

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Causes For Migraines

The causes of migraine aren’t fully known. But research suggestthat environmental and genetic factors may be involved. However, some research points to the following causes:

  1. There can be changes in the brainstem and the interactions it has with the trigeminal nerve which is a major pain pathway.
  2. Any imbalances in the brain chemicals, this includes serotonin which helps to regulate pain through the nervous system.
  3. There are other neurotransmitters that may also cause migraines, including calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP).

Stages and Symptoms of Migraines

There are fourstages through which migraines progress over time. These include prodrome, aura, attack and post-drome. Typically, anyone suffering a migraine doesn’t necessarily go through all these four stages.

Prodrome

Before you get a migraine, you might get warnings in different ways. This takes a day or two before the migraine attack. These warnings include:

  1. Being constipated
  2. Craving for food
  3. Mood swings
  4. Having a stiff neck
  5. Fluid retention
  6. Urinating a lot
  7. Yawning frequently

Aura

Aura is the visual disturbances one faces before or at the time of the migraine. Aura comes in the form of flashes, light in front of your eyes, or blind spots. It also includes a tingling in the legs, arms or face. Sometimesthis stage comes in the form of speech difficulty. These symptoms build up for several minutes and can last up to 60 minutes.

Post-drome

When the migraine attack subsides, it can often leave you feeling exhausted and drained. The pain can possiblyreturn for a short time and cause sudden jerking head movement.

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What happens during an Attack?

When migraines go untreated, they can last up to 72 hours. The migraines' frequency depends from person to person. These attacks can either happen rarely or several times a month.
During a migraine attack, you may feel:

  1. Pain on both or one side of the head
  2. Sensitivity to light and sound
  3. Sensitivity to touch and smell
  4. Throbbing and pulsing pain
  5. Nausea

Migraine Triggers

Common migraine triggers include:

  1. Changes in hormone levels
  2. Certain foods that you may be consuming
  3. Stress
  4. Not eating and skipping meals
  5. Any changes in the weather
  6. Drinking too much caffeine
  7. Certain medications like Vasodilators may also trigger migraines
  8. Excessive physical activity
  9. Changes in sleep pattern
  10. Smoking and consumption of tobacco

Treatment and Medication

There is no definitive cure for migraines. However, at TelMDCare, our doctors prescribe certain effective medications to treat migraines and to make lifestyle changes. Many drugs help in preventing migraines. Your online doctor may prescribe either of the following treatments:

  1. Over the counter pain relief medications like aspirin, ibuprofen, acetaminophen and caffeine as its main ingredients.
  2. Many doctors also prescribe medication to treat nausea that comes along with the migraine.
  3. Medications like Ergotamine and Triptan also keep brain chemicals in check.
  4. Patients are also prescribed lasmiditan to ease their pain and sensitivities caused by migraine.
  5. CGRP receptor antagonists.
  6. Some doctors also recommend using preventive medicines. These include antidepressants, blood pressure medicines, seizure medicines, and shots of type A botulinum toxin.
  7. People use single-pulse transcranial magnetic stimulation as well to treat migraines. This device is placed on the back of the head to send a magnetic energy pulse that reduces pain.
  8. Other neuromodulation devices can help relieve pain and prevent migraines that affect the vagus nerve and the trigeminal nerve.

Make an appointment online for a video doctor consultation for migraines now. If your migraines get worse, get in touch with our online doctors at TelMDCare, who can help treat it with medications such as sumatriptan, Eletriptan, and Rizatriptan.

 

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