Nausea and vomiting often occur simultaneously, or one after the other but are not illnesses or
diseases in themselves. They occur as symptoms of another apparent or underlying condition and
can cause significant discomfort.
Vomiting is basically a reflex, often an uncontrollable one which leads you to forcefully turn out the contents of the stomach through your mouth. It’s commonly referred to as “throwing up” or being “sick.”
Nausea on the other hand, is a feeling one may experience before vomiting. It’s an uneasy feeling in the stomach with an uncontrollable urge to vomit, and usually, it does lead to actual vomiting.
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In general, nausea and vomiting are very common, with every person experiencing them at some point in life—some more than others. They can be caused by negligible factors or serious underlying conditions and diseases.
It can usually be very hard to determine exactly what has caused you to feel nauseous and vomit.
An expert physician may ask you several questions before they are able to figure out the exact
cause in order to treat it.
Here are some common factors that may cause nausea & vomiting.
A lot of women experience nausea and vomiting during their pregnancy. It’s often referred to as
morning sickness—although it could happen at any point during the day. It is caused by hormonal
changes and occurs mainly during the first trimester, but it could continue throughout the
While morning sickness is usually harmless during pregnancy, hyperemesis gravidarum, which is basically a more severe form of nausea and vomiting, occurs in 3 percent of pregnancies. It may pose a dehydration risk, requiring the patient to seek medical help.
Though not always but some kinds of cancers can cause symptoms of nausea and vomiting. These
usually include brain tumors, gastrointestinal cancer, pancreatic cancer, lung cancer, ovarian
cancer, and a few others.
Moreover, certain cancer treatments may also present nausea and vomiting as side effects. This includes chemotherapy and radiation therapy. However, the severity and risk of such side effects can vary significantly based on a variety of factors.
Quite a few abdominal and pelvic conditions cause nausea. Depending on the exact cause, these conditions may affect the gastrointestinal tract, the liver, and the reproductive system. Some common abdominal conditions that cause nausea include hepatitis, pancreatitis, kidney disease, constipation, menstruation, and other diseases and infections.
Besides these, there are several other minor and major factors and conditions that can cause nausea.
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Typically, since nausea and vomiting are symptoms of other underlying conditions, the treatment
options depend on what’s causing them. Treating the condition then could help one get rid of
nausea and vomiting as well.
There are also medications that can be taken to prevent or ease nausea and vomiting. And in case the vomiting is out of control and causing dehydration, fluids can be taken via an IV to rehydrate the body.
Here are some other things one can try to feel better when feeling very nauseous:
Generally, it can be hard to pinpoint the exact cause on your own. It’s best to consult a doctor if the symptoms persist. The doctor will ask several questions regarding your general health, lifestyle, severity, and frequency of nausea or vomiting, food history, and whether you’ve had contact with a sick person. This may help them determine the exact cause. Or they may also order some blood and urine tests or an abdominal X-ray to be absolutely sure.
Most of the time when the underlying issue is addressed, vomiting does not present any long-term problems. However, in some cases of severe and persistent vomiting, complications may arise due to dehydration and malnutrition.
This is a common misconception and teething in fact has no direct link with vomiting. Causes of vomiting in children that young could be reflux, a minor intestinal, chest or urine infection, food intolerance or allergy, food poisoning, or perhaps some other more serious underlying condition.
In general, you should check in with a doctor if the symptoms last for longer than 24 hours
despite the prevention efforts. Also, if nausea or vomiting seems to be getting worse.
But in some cases, especially where children are concerned, emergency care is a better option.
For babies and toddlers under 6, seek emergency care if:
For children above 6, one must consult medical experts if:
Adults should seek immediate medical help if there’s blood in the vomit, a stiff neck, severe abdominal pain, rapid pulse, and other alarming symptoms.
If the vomiting and nausea are not severe enough for you to rush to the ER, you can book an
appointment with our expert doctors and physicians.
With an online appointment, our doctor will be able to determine what’s causing your condition and advise a treatment plan accordingly.
So, sign up and book an appointment right away!